According to section 64 of the Women’s Charter (Cap 353), “family violence” is defined as follows:
- Wilfully or knowingly placing, or attempting to place, a family member in fear of hurt;
- Causing hurt to a family member by such act which is known or ought to have been known would result in hurt;
- Wrongfully confining or restraining a family member against his will; or
- Causing continual harassment with intent to cause or knowing that it is likely to cause anguish to a family member.
The following are examples of acts of family violence (the list is not exhaustive):
- Threatening the person or threatening to take away something that is important to them;
- Insulting or humiliating a person;
- Screaming or harassing a person;
- Intimating or mocking a person;
- Emotional blackmail;
- Demeaning a person in private or in public;
- Hostility including isolating or ignoring a person;
- Controlling a person (emotionally or physically);
- Confining a person within a place or stopping a person from going anywhere.
- Physical acts such as slapping, punching, pinching, kicking, choking, pushing, bruising or hitting a person with objects;
- Deprivation or denial of one’s basic needs such as food, water, sleep, shelter or medicine;
- Sexual abuse like forcing one to do something sexual without one’s consent.